Early history of psychological assessment in ministerial selection:

Bier, William, S.J. Psychological Testing for Ministerial Selection. New York: Fordham University Press, 1970.

Bowers, Margaretta K., M.D. Conflicts of the Clergy. New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1963.

Foundational Research:

Schuller, David S., Merton P. Strommen and Milo L. Breeke, Milo L., editors. Ministry in America: Report and Analysis of 47 Denominations. San Francisco: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1980.

Denominational Research:

Dreibelbis, John & David Gortner. Talented but Tenuous: A Profile of Clergy Temperaments and Leadership Skills: A Research Report of a National Study of Episcopal Congregations and Clergy. Dec. 12, 2002. (For more information, contact John Dreibelbis at Seabury-Western Theological Seminary, Evanston, Illinois, 60201)

Hinkle, John E., Ph. D. A Manual on Psychological Assessment in Ministerial Selection, Nurture, and Support Processes. Nashville, Tennessee: DOM Press, 1996.

Hinkle, John E., Ph. D. “Psychological Testing of Candidates for Ministry,” The New Catholic World. Paulist Press, May/June 1986, Vol. 229, No. 1373. (This article contains a sample case assessment with complications and recommendations, a description of the manner in which psychological reports are put together and a discussion of significant issues in such assessments.)

Recent overview of the field (specialty) of clergy assessment:

Hunt, Richard A., John E. Hinkle and Newton H. Malony. Clergy Assessment and Career Development. Nashville, Tennessee: Parthenon Press/Abingdon Press, 1990.

Technical issues in assessment:

Butcher, James N. and Paolo Pancheri. A Handbook of Cross-National MMPI Research. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1976.

Samuda, Ronald J. Psychological Testing of American Minorities. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1975.

Wiggins, Jerry S. Personality and Prediction: Principles of Personality Assessment. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1973. (See especially Part I and